How are Compost Piles Made?
| ||What is Composting and What Can Be Composted? |
Composting is a simple biological process that breaks down leaves, grass clippings, wood chips, brush and food scraps into a dark, crumbly, nutrient-rich organic product. It's nature's way of recycling organic matter and returning it to the earth so that it may be used again. (Avoid composting meat, dairy products, cooking oil or grease.)
A compost pile may be started directly on the ground using a container or structure, which will save space, hasten decomposition and keep the yard looking neat.
- Select a level area near a water source that receives equal amount of sunlight and shade during the day.
- Apply a 3" - 6" layer of chopped brush, branches, dead leaves, straw and twigs to allow air circulation around the base of the heap.
- Add 6" of grass clippings, *manure, sawdust, and kitchen food scraps. Materials should be kept damp, but not wet and soggy. An occasional sprinkle of soil and fertilizer is also a welcome addition to this layer. (*Rabbit pellets, cow or horse manure only.)
- Repeat steps 2-3 until the pile is sufficient in height. The ideal pile is 4 to 5 feet wide and high.
- Every couple of weeks, turn the pile and water it until damp. Turning the pile more often makes compost faster.
More Composting Information:
If you are interested in receiving a packet on backyard composting, call the Solid Waste Services Department (972) 721-8059.