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The 2020 Census is a complete count of every person living in the United States as of April 1, 2020. Every dwelling unit in the nation will be asked to respond online, by phone or by mail to the United States Census.
In March 2020, most households will receive a letter in the mail asking them to go online and fill out the 2020 Census. Some households will receive paper surveys as well, but you can respond either online, by phone, or by paper. If you have not responded by April 1, 2020, you may receive one or more reminder postcards. If you have not responded by May 1, 2020, a Census worker may be sent to your residence to verify whether anyone is living at that site and to help you fill out your survey.
No Longer Included:
The Census Bureau is required by law to protect all individual responses. Information can only be shared as area-wide statistical data, and only from areas large enough that one cannot guess at any individual’s responses within that area.
By law, census responses cannot be used against any individual; by any government agency or court in any way. Not by the FBI, CIA, DHS, or ICE. These organizations cannot even access raw data.
Under Title 13 of the U.S. Code, any Census Bureau employee who releases any identifiable information about any individual, household, or business faces a penalty of up to $250,000 and/or five years in prison.
The only exception this is that after 72 years, Title 44 of the U.S. Code allows the National Archives and Records Administration to release 72-year-old census records for historical research. Any response to the 2020 Census will remain completely confidential until 2092.
The 2020 Census and Confidentiality | El Censo del 2020 y la Confidencialidad
The U.S. Census Bureau also conducts an annual American Community Survey. This survey has additional questions about nation of origin, citizenship, income, languages spoken, employment and one's residence. About 3.5 million people receive this lengthy survey every year. It has been in use nationwide since 2005, and it takes the place of the Census "long form" that was sent to a sample of households (usually 1 in 6 households) between 1940 and 2000.
The U.S. Census Bureau will never ask for credit card numbers, drivers license numbers, social security numbers or other specific financial information.
You will receive a postcard or survey in the mail. After April 2020, you might receive a visit from a Census Enumerator with proper identification if you have not yet responded to the Census.
Other means of contact are likely to be fraudulent. If you are unsure whether a survey is legitimate, contact the U.S. Census Bureau.
The Census Bureau already has people working in the field across the nation, even though the 2020 Census is not yet underway.
Several Census workers are conducting "Address Canvassing" operations, where they verify that the list of addresses in the Census Bureau's database are accurate.
Other Census workers may be following up on non-responses to the American Community Survey or other Census programs.
In April, May and June of 2020, there will be many Census "Enumerators" knocking on the doors of residences that did not respond to the 2020 Census in March or early April.
There are several ways to verify that a person actually works for the Census Bureau: